Scan of Municipal Financial Capability Efforts
As the connection between financial capability and economic mobility is made increasingly evident, public and private actors are investing in products and services designed to improve the conditions of economically vulnerable populations. Municipal leaders in particular recognize that the financial stability of their residents is a core ingredient in the overall health of their communities. Still, there is significant work to be done to understand how financial capability initiatives can be coordinated, refined, and expanded at the municipal level to reach all residents.
In 2018, JP Morgan Chase & Co. partnered with Urbane Development to perform a high-level scan of existing U.S. financial capability initiatives and the roles cities and their core institutions can play in promoting personal economic growth of their residents. Over the course of a year, the Urbane team performed an exhaustive review of existing literature, including academic papers, policy briefs, white papers, program evaluations, and case studies to shed light on a number of themes, including the lexicon of financial capability definitions; the barriers financially vulnerable populations face; the role of municipal agencies to fund and advocate for asset-building programs, affordable banking products, and inclusive economic policies; and precedents tat have the potential to be adapted in different settings.
Following the literature scan, Urbane conducted interviews with 32 stakeholders, including advocacy organizations, funders and fiscal sponsors, nonprofit service providers, public officials, academics, and financial technology developers. The interviews sought to understand the variety of programs cities offer, public-private partnership models and the role of nonprofits in delivering services, program effectiveness, and existing gaps or unmet needs in existing service provisions or policies.
The last phase of the project consisted of site visits to Denver and Miami, cities whose innovative financial capability programming demonstrates continued success by way of their range of services and products that are tailored to the populations they serve. The goal of the site visits was to highlight partnership dynamics between nonprofits and municipal agencies and to solicit first-hand accounts from direct-service providers and public officials of successful financial inclusion efforts.
Our analysis of municipal financial capability programs revealed common elements across cities. The above graphic illustrates key programmatic features, as identified by city officials in Denver and Miami, that were critical to their success. Each city’s approach is tailored to meet the needs of their specific constituents, but we found the following component structures in both.
The project culmination is a public-facing report, published in early 2019, that captures the research and provides high-level recommendations for a range of stakeholders – from policymakers and advocates, to financial institutions and direct service providers.